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The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Title VI of the Civil Rights Act, the Executive Order (EO) on Environmental Justice (EJ), the Uniform Relocation Assistance and the Real Property Acquisitions Policies Act (Uniform Act) and the EO on Limited English Proficiency (LEP) govern TxDOT policy for conducting, at the federal and state-level, a thorough and defensible community impact assessment (CIA). Environmental practitioners can use these tools to conduct a CIA compliant with TxDOT policy.

Questions? Contact the Environmental Affairs Division community impacts specialist at (512) 416-2698.

High-level Guidance
Community Impacts Guidance
Environmental Justice Guidance
Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Guidance

Title Date
Description Format
Environmental Handbook for Community Impacts, Environmental Justice and Title VI 05/14 Describes the regulatory background and outlines the steps necessary to identify and address the community impacts of TxDOT transportation projects
Desk Reference for Title VI Nondiscrimination in the Federal-Aid Highway Program   Compiles many laws, regulations, executive orders, guidance, etc., pertaining to nondiscrimination in transportation projects and is used as part of the FHWA Title VI training program
Guidebook for Identifying, Measuring and Mitigating Environmental Justice Impacts of Toll Roads 09/06 Guidance prepared by the Center for Transportation Research at the University of Texas at Austin, in cooperation with Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and TxDOT, on the evaluation of environmental justice aspects of tolling existing non-toll and toll roads
An Overview of Transportation and Environmental Justice 06/09 A brochure in English that provides a general overview of transportation decision making, focusing on Executive Order 12898 and Title IV
Una Vision de la Justicia Ambiental en el Transporte 06/09 A brochure in Spanish that provides a general overview of transportation decision making, focusing on Executive Order 12898 and Title IV

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High-Level Guidance

Title Description Format
Code of Federal Regulations Title 49, Part 24: Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition for Federal And Federally Assisted Programs Promulgates rules to implement the Uniform Act of 1970 and ensures owners of real property proposed for acquisition for federal and federally assisted projects are treated fairly, consistently and equitably so displaced persons will not suffer disproportionate injuries caused by projects designed for the benefit of the public
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 23, Part 771 Environmental Impact and Related Procedures Prescribes the policies and procedures of FHWA and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) for implementing National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 as amended
Federal Highway Administration Civil Rights Program Website Provides guidance from Federal Highways Civil Rights website for applying nondiscrimination laws, regulations and executive orders to federal highways projects
FHWA Technical Advisory T 6640.8A, Guidance for Preparing and Processing Environmental and Section 4(f) Documents Provides expanded guidance for other environmental documentation, including environmental assessments, categorical exclusions, finding of no significant impact, reevaluations and Section 4(f) documentation
NEPA.gov National Environmental Policy Act Website Provides a high-level overview of NEPA and, on the Environmental Justice and NEPA webpage, focused on EJ
Title VI and Environmental Justice at EPA Provides high-level information about Title VI and EJ and links to additional sources of information

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Community Impacts Guidance

Title Description Format
Community Impact Assessment A list of links related to CIAs developed by the University of South Florida and endorsed by FHWA
FHWA Community Impact Assessment: A Quick Reference for Transportation Outlines the community impact assessment process, highlights critical areas that must be examined, identifies basic tools and information sources, and stimulates the thought-process related to individual projects 
AASHTO Practitioner's Handbook: Utilizing Community Advisory Committees for NEPA Studies Explains how and when practitioners should use a Community Advisory Committee to assist with the NEPA decision making process
Transportation Research Board Community Impact Assessment Website Allows members to actively engage in conversation, share resources, participate in groups and forums and stay informed about recent and upcoming subcommittee events and activities

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Environmental Justice (EJ) Guidance

Title Description Format
Executive Order 12898 Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority and Low-Income Populations Directs each federal agency to "make achieving EJ part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations" and instructs each federal agency to develop a strategy for addressing EJ
U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) Updated Environmental Justice Order 5610.2(a) Reaffirms the U.S. Department of Transportation's commitment to environmental justice and clarifies certain aspects of the original EO, which established the USDOT policy for EJ principles in all USDOT programs, policies and activities and describes the integration of the EJ objectives into planning and programming, rulemaking and policy formulation
FHWA Order 6640.23A FHWA Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations Establishes policies and procedures for FHWA to use in complying with EO 12898 (updated in 2012)
Federal Highway Administration Environmental Justice Website Provides a high-level explanation of EJ and links to pages with additional information
Environmental Justice Emerging Trends and Best Practices Guidebook FHWA Webpage Focuses on timely and relevant transportation issues and helps promote a deeper understanding of the responsibilities, opportunities and benefits derived from addressing EJ in transportation planning and implementation
FHWA Guidance on Environmental Justice and NEPA Memorandum Advises FHWA offices on the process to address EJ during the NEPA review, including documentation requirements and supplements FHWA Technical Advisory 6640.8A. This provides guidance for documenting the potential social, economic and environmental impacts considered in the selection and implementation of highway projects.
Environmental Justice: Guidance under the National Environmental Policy Act (1997)
Provides the Center on Environmental Quality (CEQ) guidance to help federal agencies incorporate EJ into their NEPA procedures
USDOT Transportation and Environmental Justice Effective Practices Explains the obligations of transportation agencies to address Title VI and environmental justice but primarily emphasizes sharing the experiences of transportation agencies working toward accomplishing EJ in programs, plans, projects and other activities

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Limited English Proficiency (LEP)

Title Description Format
Executive Order 13166: Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency Directs each federal agency to "examine the services it provides and develop and implement a system by which limited English proficiency (LEP) persons can meaningfully access those services" to ensure agencies do not violate the Title VI prohibition against national origin discrimination through communication exclusively English
Guidance to Federal Financial Assistance Recipients Regarding Title VI Prohibition against National Origin Discrimination Affecting Limited Proficient Persons Department of Justice guidance to assist recipients of federal funding comply with the executive order on protecting persons with limited English proficiency
USDOT's LEP Guidance Website Describes USDOT responsibilities regarding EO 13166 and is modeled after the DOJ guidance
Policy Guidance Concerning Recipients’ Responsibilities to Limited English Proficient Persons Provides guidance for compliance with the LEP executive order, which largely mirrors the DOJ guidance, and explains how to specifically address LEP transportation projects
Limited English Proficiency Program and the Federal-Aid Highway Program Focuses principally on the obligation of federal departments and agencies extending federal financial assistance to clarify the long-standing legal obligation on the part of recipients of such assistance to address the language needs of their otherwise-eligible LEP beneficiaries and is used as part of the FHWA Title VI training program

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